As 2014 draws to a close, many are waiting for clearer details about Canada’s new immigration system, the Express Entry Program, which is set to be in full operation in 2015.

The government has not released any concrete details until the end of November, but it has now revealed details about the Comprehensive Ranking System, which will be used for selecting the qualified candidates in the new program.

What is It?

The comprehensive ranking system will be used for determining which of the applicants are qualified to join the Express Entry pool. For applicants to qualify, they should be eligible for at least one of Canada’s three Federal Economic Immigration Programs: Federal Skilled Worker Program, Federal Skilled Trades Program and Canadian Experience Class.

How Does it Work?

Once an applicant is deemed qualified to join the Express Entry pool, he will be ranked against other candidates in the pool. Points system will be in place, with a maximum number of 1200 points available for candidate, which are divided into three categories:

Category 1: Core human capital

The maximum number of points that can be awarded under this category is 500 points. It includes different factors such as:

Age: Out of the 500 points, 110 will be allotted for age. Candidates ages 20 to 29 will get perfect points, while candidates below 18 and over 44 will get no points.

Education: This will have up to 150 points, depending on level of education attained.

Canadian work experience: This will have up to 80 points for the candidate’s specific skilled occupation, depending on the number of years he worked in the said occupation,

First language ability: This will have up to 136 points for either English or French, 34 points each for speaking, writing, listening, and reading.

Second language ability: This is the same as the first language ability, except there are only a maximum of 24 points to be awarded, 6 points each for the 4 different sub-categories.

If a candidate has an accompanying spouse or common-law partner, the 500 points under his core human capital will be divided – 460 points for the main applicant and 40 points for the spouse or partner.

Age: Up to 100 points, and same rules apply.

Education: Max of 140 points for the candidate and 10 points for his spouse/partner.

Canadian work experience: Max of 70 points for the candidate and 10 points for the spouse/partner.

First language ability: Max of 128 points for the applicant (32 points each for speaking, writing, listening, and reading) and 20 points for the spouse/partner (5 points each for the 4 sub-categories).

Second language ability: Max of 22 points for the applicant, 6 points awarded for each sub-category and a max of 24 points only.

Category 2: Skills Transferability

Like the core human capital category, skills transferability will also have an allotment of a maximum of 500 points. This category will be measured by allotting points to certain combinations of the human capital factors. These combinations will be:

⧫ Education and language ability
⧫ Education and Canadian work experience
⧫ Language ability and non-Canadian work experience
⧫ Canadian and non-Canadian work experience
⧫ Certificate of qualification in a trade and language ability

Each combination can get a maximum of 50 points.

Category 3: Qualifying offer or arranged employment

This category gives the highest number of points, 600 points, to people who are nominated by a Canadian employer or by a Canadian province.

Some reminders

There are two processes involved in the new Express Entry system, the qualifying process that will determine who will join the Express Entry pool and the selection process that will determine who will be approved based on the assigned number of points.

Candidates should be able to prepare for both of these processes, especially the first one since it will determine whether the candidate has any chance at all.

And now that these details have been released, those who are planning to apply to the new Express Entry program can already start preparing all their needed documents.